Mazda’s history began in the first decade of the twentieth century, after World War II, a successful entrepreneur Jujiro Matsuda (1875-1952) returned from Osaka to his birthplace Hiroshima.
He was the son of a fisherman, trained as a machine fitter, and then trained in engineering and metallurgy. He was in charge of foundry and in 1906 he constructed a new type of pump that he obtained the patent. He also produced rifles for the Japanese army and was quite rich. In March 1921, Jujiro Matsuda accepted the invitation and became president of the company.
From its name, they removed the word cork, which they had previously produced and invented a new production program. They produced metal tools. Matsuda, however, had the vision of producing cars within the time. It wasn’t immediately possible, only Mitsubishi was able to produce engines, and the purchasing force of Hiroshima, more than 800 kilometers from Tokyo, was very weak. The names of the future vehicle are interesting as well. It comes from the name of the greatest Good in a religion called the Zoroastrianism of Ahura Mazda. Jujiro Matsuda was a man who was thoughtful and receptive to spiritual affairs, but he also had a sense of humor, because if an English-speaking person reads his surname quickly, it will sound like Mazda. In October 1931, the first vehicle started the production in Hiroshima. It’s called Mazdago Type DA.
A Success Called SUV
The Mazda CX-5 now belongs to Mazda3’s most popular brand models and in 2012, when it came to Europe, it has become a breakthrough. The Skyactiv label accentuated the light construction of the bodywork and the consistent use of the classic four-cylinder. The second generation, through evolutionary steps, is further developing this idea. Although the wheelbase is preserved, the more modern body is stronger, more resistant to twisting by 15% and has better aerodynamics and better use of space. The interior has virtually identical dimensions with the VW Tiguan and in some ways it’s bigger than the Kia Sportage, a more perceived competitor. Mazda’s luggage space is now 506 liters.
Gasoline atmospheric engines are famous for the Hiroshima carmaker, but Europeans are still looking for diesel in this category. A four-cylinder all-aluminum engine built in the spirit of 2.2 liter Skyact philosophy is among the best diesel engines in its class. It has a relatively small compression ratio of only 14.4: 1 and is atypically elastic. The maximum power of 184 hp (135 kW) is at 4500 rpm and rotates very quickly and easily. The stroke is completely smooth and linear. The red field of the speedometer starts at 5000 revs. But the engine can still spin and shuts down at 5600. And at 2000 revs it offers a maximum torque of 445 Nm. The pleasant four-cylinder elasticity also greatly works thanks to two turbines of unequal size and precise direct injection of diesel into cylinders, which can inject up to nine fuel doses during one cycle. The collaboration with a classic six-speed automatic gearbox with hydrodynamic drive is also excellent.
The transmission knows exactly where the hydrodynamic transmission is smoothing down the engine and when it’s necessary to forcefully shift it up without a word. Even more impressive can be the smooth transmission when slowing down and taking advantage of the braking effect of the engine, and when immediately accelerating the Mazda CX-5 has no hesitation, which is also common at the rival cars. The Mazda CX-5 belongs to one of the few SUVs that have maintained its agility and minimal tilts of chassis in the bends of the mid-range car’s driving characteristics and make the driver enjoy the ride. The G-Vectoring Control helper is also very well tuned, reducing the need to correct the steering and turns the driving in bends to pleasure.
Text: Martin Vasiľ, photo: Mazda