Planning a Spring Garden in Winter

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Garden
Various species of annuals bloom throughout the summer. They look irresistible in the flowerbed.

All gardens should include enough greenery and at least one tree, however, the more the better. When planning a change or setting a new garden, do not forget about flowering plants. They will help you attract useful insects.

Roses, various types of deciduous trees, bulbs, annuals, perennials, or herbs can bring you a spectacular experience. The main role in this colorful theater will play flowers of different sizes, colors, and scents. However, it is important to choose the right species or cultivars for the given conditions, to match them, and to take care of them appropriately. Of course, there is no need to overdo it with flowers. Even in this case, it is true that less is more.

Garden
The most beautiful flowers bloom in beds on sunny places.

 A Few Rules

The ideal space for flowering plants is the flower beds. The flowers should not be missing in any garden, not even the smallest one. They can always look attractive, you just need to follow a few basic rules when setting them up. It is important to find them a suitable place. The taller plants belong to the background, the middle part to the bed, lower to the foreground. When choosing plants in horticulture you should ask how tall they will be. It is always advisable to create a stand composed of several pieces, otherwise, the plant has no chance to stand out at the time of flowering.

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It is important to arrange the plants according to their height when creating a flower bed.

The richly flowering cultivar consists of several pieces (5-7) of the selected species. Place individual plants at reasonable distances from each other, not close together. Remember that fewer flowers in the bed look better than a huge amount. The ideal are those that are characterized by undemanding cultivation, long and abundant flowering. Before you also go shopping for greenery, get familiar well with the conditions of your garden. Most flowering plants like sunny places. These will not be very happy in the shadow. Fortunately, there are flowering plants that can nicely grow in darker places. It is also necessary to take into account the soil moisture. Most plants require slightly moist soil, a few even moister, and some don’t mind permanently dry soil.

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Summer lilac blooms throughout the summer. It has fragrant inflorescences that attract butterflies.

Selecting Plants

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Flowering greenery in containers can be supplemented by that in vegetation containers. You can change them whenever you want.

When designing a flower bed, you can decide whether to plant it only with annuals (the choice is huge) or to combine only perennial species or perennials with seasonal – annuals and tuberous plants. For example, if you opt for perennials, the flowerbed can only consist of different species of perennials, or of perennials that you ingeniously supplement with flowering shrubs, roses, or bulbs. It is always better to choose longer flowering and undemanding species. Some of the annuals such as zinnia, asters, marigolds, sunflowers, everlasting flowers, sage, nemesis, ornamental tobacco, cleomes, and others, are characterized by a longer period of flowering (until the first frosts) and are undemanding. The undemanding perennials include coneflowers, buckthorns, phloxes, tickseed, asters, echinacea, helenia, candytufts, sage, valerians, summer pinks, centrantha, blanket flowers, avens, stonecrops, verveins, catnips, and others. Among the ornamental flood of flowers will delight your eyes: lilacs, kerria, weigela, summer lilac, forsynthia, guelder rose, ornamental almond, or snowbelle. The trees include magnolia, ornamental apples, cherries, or sour cherries. The longest flowering herbs include lavender, hyssop, or even mint or sage. The blooming garden should also give a space to dahlias, which bloom tirelessly in the second half of summer until the first frosts. Throughout the spring, beautiful bulbs such as tulips, daffodils, hyacinths, blueberries and more, will take care of beautiful flowers and pleasant aromas in the garden.

Garden
In semi-shady and shady places, they surprise with a flood of hydrangea flowers.

From Spring to Late Fall

If you want your garden to bloom throughout the season, plan everything well. A few important plants should not be missing. Early, in the spring grow: hellebore, little leos, dicentras, or various ornamental shrubs. Spring bulbs and tuberous plants bloom gradually until the beginning of summer. At the end of spring, it is time for blooming roses and perennials. When choosing, do not forget those that bloom first (buckwheat, seaside daisy, coneflowers, phlox, sage, etc.) and also those that bloom profusely in late summer and during autumn (asters, echinacea, chrysanthemums, blanket flowers).

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Plantings can be color-coordinated, making them more attractive.

More than a Flowerbed

Of course, the flower bed may not be the only place where flowering plants will grow in bunches. In addition to the flower bed, do not forget to concentrate the flowering plants in other parts of the garden. Groups or solitary flowering shrubs or trees are attractive, a hedge, an alpine garden, the surroundings of a pond, planting herbs in the useful part of the garden, a front garden, or you can have beautiful flowers outdoors thanks to combined plantings in vegetation containers.

Garden
During the spring, bulbs and biennials stand out in the garden.

Text and photo: Daniel Košťál