The gothic style was created in the 12th century in France and has been preserved on both secular and sacral buildings to this day.
It has been used mainly in European countries, where its magnificence can be admired in cathedrals, castles, or mansions. The gothic buildings are characterized by ribbed vaulting, a pointed arch, and ornate decorations. Let’s look at the most beautiful gothic structure in the world!
Milan Cathedral (Milan, Italy)
If you visit Milan, do not miss the breathtaking Duomo di Milano. The gothic structure completed only in 1965, is pleasing to the eyes. The gothic decoration of the cathedral can be perceived in every corner. The meticulously decorated facade is unmissable, but the 135 tall and lower towers are eye-catching and give the cathedral distinct charm and elegance. The cathedral is a world-famous tourist place, but in the past, it was a significant place for Christian life.
Notre-Dame Cathedral (Paris, France)
Notre Dame Cathedral, along with the Eiffel Tower, are the top attractions in Paris. Also known as Our Lady of Paris, it is one of the three most important gothic cathedrals in France. This sacral building is characterized by two towers, which reach a height of up to 69 meters. The cathedral had been built for more than 180 years and was definitively completed only in 1345. After the fire in 2019, however, the cathedral is partially destroyed, but it is still one of the most beautiful Gothic cathedrals in the world. The fire took the central tower, and the roof and the medieval stained glass windows are also destroyed.
Brussels City Hall (Brussels, Belgium)
The dominant feature of Brussels is undoubtedly the Brussels City Hall, which is a late-Gothic building. It can be found in the famous Grande Place. It was built in the 15th century, but due to a fire in the 17th century, it had to be completely renovated. The main tower of the town hall is up to 96 meters high and at the top, there is a gilded statue of the archangel Michael – the patron saint of Brussels. As the exterior of the building, the interior is also interesting. Inside there are sculptures, works of art, and tapestries, mostly from the 19th century.
Karlštejn Castle (Karlštejn, Czech Republic)
You don’t have to travel far to see the Gothic monuments. A beautiful Gothic structure – Karlštejn Castle can be found just behind the Slovak borders. Although Karlštejn is not a typical Gothic building at first glance, it still retains several Gothic elements from the past. It was built in the 14. century and thanks to its architecture it is one of the most beautiful castles in the world. The set of 129 paintings that adorn the Chapel of the Holy Cross contain gothic features too.
Text: Michaela Miňová, photo: unsplash.com